Speech Sound Development
As children grow, they become easier and easier to understand. That is partly because they have more sounds to use. The more sounds a child masters, the more clear their speech should be.
Depending on the individual child, delayed speech can sometimes result in behavior challenges due to frustration, social withdrawal or isolation due to self-consciousness.
There are many things you can do at home to support your child’s speech sound development. Between the ages of 1 and 2 you can get down on your child’s level and model the sounds in familiar words, environmental sounds, and sing songs. As your child grows, begin to use more repetition and give your child to see and feel sounds. Speak very slowly and add music and silly words to your play. When your child is between 3 and 4, begin to repeat provide clear models withe corrections to errors made. Get your child’s attention than show them how you make the sounds and put them into words. As your child gets closer to 5, watch for frustration, observe how new people understand what they say, and begin to connect sounds to letters.
Although many children produce these sound earlier, if these sounds have not developed by a specific age it may indicate a speech delay.
Articulation is the production of individual sounds.
An Articulation Delay is when a child is developing speech sounds in a developmentally appropriate sequence but later than typically expected.
An Articulation Disorder is when a child has difficulty producing one or more individual sounds and demonstrates errors that are not typical. When this happens a sound is often deleted, substituted, or distorted.
For a child with an articulation delay or disorder, Articulation Therapy teaches a child how to correctly articulate or produce the individual sound. Overtime a child will learn how to generalize the correct production of sounds in words, phrases, and connected speech.
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